International Scheldt Commission
– river basin organization
– formal commission
The multilateral commission was established 1994 and is based upon the Treaty on the Protection of the Scheldt. It covers the Schelde River and includes Belgium, France and Netherlands.
Functions of the secretariat include: provides assistance in the execution of its tasks, sustains functioning of working groups and projects, organizes their gatherings and meetings and translates documents and sends them to various delegations.
Relevant Water Law Principles
International water law principles mentioned in legally relevant documents to this organization include: Helsinki Rules and polluter pays principle.
Organizational bodies include: Commission/Plenary Meeting, Head of Delegations Meeting, Secretariat and Working Groups (Incidental Pollution, Communication, Cartography, Surface Water, Groundwater, Cost Efficiency Analysis, Floods/Droughts).
The commission formulates its advice and recommendations and takes its decisions by unanimous vote; absence of party is considered as abstention. One abstention does, however, not prevent taking decisions in unanimity.
Dispute Resolution Mechanisms
Parties engage in solution found through negotiation or by any other means of dispute resolution that judge acceptable and suitable. The first instance of a dispute between parties is resolved bilaterally between disputing parties through negotiation without RBO involvement.
- ^ 1.0 1.1 Schmeir, Susanne. International River Basin Organization Database. Oregon State University Program in Water Conflict Management and Transformation. Accessed online April 30 2014. http://www.transboundarywaters.orst.edu/research/RBO/index.html
- International River Basin Organization database — The International RBO Database was created by Susanne Schmeir as part of her PhD research and has been incorporated into the resources hosted by the Transboundary Freshwater Disputes Database at Oregon State University. It is available in a queryable online form, data download.
Case Studies Related to International Scheldt Commission
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