Finish Russian Commission on the Utilization of Frontier Waters
Organizational Purpose Described as:
– formal commission
The bilateral commission was established 1964 and is based upon the Agreement between Finland and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics concerning Frontier Watercourses. It covers the Olanga, Oulu and Vuoksa Rivers. It includes Finland and Russia.
- 1 Relevant Water Law Principles
- 2 Organizational Bodies
- 3 Decision-making Mechanisms
- 4 Dispute Resolution Mechanisms
- 5 Monitoring
- 6 Adaptation Mechanisms
- 7 Public Participation
- 8 External Links
- 9 Case Studies Related to Finish Russian Commission on the Utilization of Frontier Waters
- 10 Articles linked to Finish Russian Commission on the Utilization of Frontier Waters
Relevant Water Law Principles
International water law principles mentioned in legally relevant documents to this organization include: Helsinki Rules on the Uses of the Waters of International Rivers, equitable and reasonable use, obligation of prior notification and prior agreement.
Organizational bodies include: Commission and Working Groups (IWRM, Water Protection, Frontier Guard, Chairmen).
Decisions are made unanimously; if the commission cannot reach mutual understanding it conveys the issue to the government of both parties
Dispute Resolution Mechanisms
Contracting parties can empower the commission with a mandate to arbitrate on an agreement or give an advisory opinion; if fails, settled through diplomatic channels The first instance of a dispute between parties is resolved by the organization internally. A further instance of a dispute between parties is resolved bilaterally between disputing parties through negotiation without RBO involvement.
Water quality monitoring defined and sets forth general prescriptions regarding indemnities in the event of damage caused by either party (only monitoring of quality and pollution activities by states, no compliance in strict sense); also, states have to report on measures that may have effects on territory of others and commission reaches decisions. Monitoring is performed to ensure environmental aspects and the state of the basin.. Monitoring is conducted to water quality
Specific adaptation mechanisms include: agreement shall be extended every 10 years unless one of contracting parties gives notice
Reports of annual meetings of commission reports are distributed to the relevant authorities and stakeholders and they are also given to members of public on request; commission also handles the initiatives made by NGOs and citizens 
- ^ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Schmeir, Susanne. International River Basin Organization Database. Oregon State University Program in Water Conflict Management and Transformation. Accessed online April 30 2014. http://www.transboundarywaters.orst.edu/research/RBO/index.html
- International River Basin Organization database — The International RBO Database was created by Susanne Schmeir as part of her PhD research and has been incorporated into the resources hosted by the Transboundary Freshwater Disputes Database at Oregon State University. It is available in a queryable online form, data download.
Case Studies Related to Finish Russian Commission on the Utilization of Frontier Waters
|Projects and Initiatives||Agreements and Treaties|
|Monitoring Method||individual members perform monitoring +|
|Monitoring Purpose||environmental monitoring +|
|Organization Covers Water Feature||Olanga River +, Oulu River + and Vuoksa River +|
|Organization Public Participation||information sharing +|
|Purpose||river basin organization + and formal commission +|