Southeast Anatolia Development Project

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The Southeast Anatolia Development Project (GAP is the Turkish acronym) has given a sense of urgency to resolving allocation issues on the Euphrates. GAP is a massive undertaking for energy and agricultural development that, when completed, will include the construction of 21 dams and 19 hydroelectric plants on both the Tigris and the Euphrates. 1.65 million ha of land are to be irrigated and 26 billion kWh will be generated annually with an installed capacity of 7,500 MW. If completed as planned, GAP could significantly reduce downstream water quantity and quality.[1]

Turkey’s ongoing GAP project (South Eastern Anatolia Project): The hydroelectric and irrigation project, originating back in 1989, is nearing completion. As of 2008, 15 out of the 22 proposed dams were complete, with water holding capacity for approximately 50% of the envisioned agricultural investment (although only 15% of that is being utilized as of 2008). Turkey views the GAP project as a way to revitalize the south-east region of the country through both agricultural exports and hydroelectric power generation. The increased use of the water from the Euphrates has so far been effective to start alleviating the pressure placed on the region from the 2007 drought, but it is simultaneously causing tensions with downriver neighbors who are receiving less than their expected share of water.[2]


Turkey (Basin: Upper Tigris Basin (Turkey))

Described as:

- Dam
- Irrigation
- Hydropower

  1. ^ Product of the Transboundary Freshwater Dispute Database, Department of Geosciences, Oregon State University. Additional information about the TFDD can be found at:
  2. ^ GAP Project. Accessed 7/20/2013

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