Type: river or creek
The reason that Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia are being forced to confront the issue of the Kura-Araks River is because of problems of pollution. The river is heavily contaminated by chemical, industrial, biological, agricultural and radioactive pollutants. The failure of wastewater treatment plants plays a major role in this dilemma in that the actual amount of water that is being treated is less than a decade ago. The concentrations of contaminants in the Kura-Araks reach levels that are much higher than standards in any of the three countries or internationally as well. Azerbaijan, the downstream nation, and lacking groundwater resources like Georgia or Armenia, depends on the Kura-Araks for the majority of its agricultural, industrial and household use.
- ^ Product of the Transboundary Freshwater Dispute Database, Department of Geosciences, Oregon State University. Additional information about the TFDD can be found at: http://www.transboundarywaters.orst.edu/research/case_studies/Kura_Arkas_New.htm
- Transboundary Freshwater Dispute Database (TFDD) (2012). Oregon State University. Kura Araks River Basin Case Study — The Transboundary Freshwater Dispute Database (TFDD) is used to aid in the assessment of the process of water conflict prevention and resolution. Over the years we have developed this Transboundary Freshwater Dispute Database, a project of the Oregon State University Department of Geosciences, in collaboration with the Northwest Alliance for Computational Science and Engineering.